This is a perennial herb growing in clumps of leaves variable in size, shape, and texture. The leaves are 1 to 10 centimeters long, lance-shaped to oval, pointed or rounded at the tips, and hairy to hairless and waxy. The flowers are bright to deep pink, and occasionally white, petals up to 3 centimeters long. Behind the opened petals are pointed sepals. The fruit is an elongated capsule which may exceed 10 centimeters in length. Every part of this plant is edible, tasting much like spinach, and is also known in the Canadian tundra as River Beauty. It is the national flower of Greenland.
|Also known as: bake-apple, salmanberry. Their bloom time is from June to July 4. Cloudberry stalks vary in height from 5-25 cm; and the erect, simple stems are hairless and do not branch. The broad, somewhat leathery leaves are long-stalked, round to kidney-shaped and indented (forming three-to-five shallow lobes).
They have solitary flowers (1-3 cm across) with five white petals at the tip of the stem. |
Cloudberry plants are male or female, but only the female plant bears fruit -hard red berries that turn yellowish or amber-coloured when ripe in late July. This plant prefers moist tundra, bog habitats and heaths. Usually found with sphagnum mosses or lichens. It is widespread across the low arctic and boreal forest regions.
Bloom time April-June. Common plant, 5-40 cm tall, introduced to Canada from Europe. They have deeply toothed leaves grow from the base of the plant, appearing before the flowers. Flower heads are yellow and the flower stem is hollow and leafless. After full bloom. white, fluffy, round balls of seeds appear. The parachuted seeds are blown away by the wind. Main flowering is in spring, but scattered blooms continue all summer. Dandelions grow almost anywhere, but are common in cultivated areas and wastelands.
|Also known as arctic and alpine dryad. Bloom time June to July. These plants are ground-hugging, sun-loving, semi-shrubs. Arctic mountain avens leaves are 1-2 cm long, narrow with smooth edges and a somewhat shiny upper surface. Alpine mountain avens leaves are longer (up to 35 cm) and wider, with scalloped or wavy edges.
The small. leathery. evergreen leaves are wrinkled on the upper surface and hairy underneath. Their white, saucer-shaped flowers are 2-3 cm wide. growing on stalks 2-15 cm tall. Seed plumes are twisted in tight red/gold bundles that open into fluffy round seed heads as they mature. These species prefer rocky barren areas, alpine meadows and ridges. Arctic mountain avens can also tolerate moist conditions, where it takes on a creeping form.
Bloom time April to May. A Small plant that grows in woods or
fields, often forming little colonies. Leaves grow from the stem base and are divided into three, deep-toothed leaflets, that appear before the flowers. Each plant has three-to-five white flowers. Flowers are 7-10 mm long and each has five petals. Fruits look like miniatures of store bought strawberries. They are found in abandoned fields, along roads and in open woodlands.
Source: Plant Watch, Canada in Bloom, Canada Nature Federation, Wikipedia